modern representation about a problem of constipations at children

The constipation (from a language armour constipation, obstipacio - a clump) represents the important mediko-social problem among children of different age groups. It makes negative impact on growth and development of a children's organism, breaks adaptation of the child and considerably worsens quality of a life [18, 68, 76].

The long current of constipations, and also absence of treatment can lead to such serious and socially significant consequence as an incontience of a feces [35].

Throughout long time the constipation was considered as a symptom, instead of illness [106]. According to definition International nauchnoyoissledovatelskoj groups, the constipation is a disturbance of function of the intestine, arising at disturbance of formation of fecal masses in an intestine, shown by elongation of intervals between defecations, difficulty of last, regularly insufficient oporozhneniem an intestine and inspissation of fecal masses [138, 146].

However it is necessary to consider, that children of different age groups have age features of frequency of a defecation. At the newborn child who is on thoracal feeding, frequency of a chair can fluctuate from 3-4 times a day, and also can coincide with number of feedings (to 6 times a day) [126, 150].

Gradually with the years frequency rate of a chair decreases, and by the period of introduction of a feeding up (4-6 months) the defecation can be carried out to 2 times a day. At children who are on artificial feeding, frequency of a chair can make 1 time a day [34, 150]. At healthy children of the first year of a life the chair should be kashitseobraznoj consistences, occurrence dense or fragmentirovannogo a feces is a sign of predilection to constipations.

Thus, frequency of a chair at children is considered normal if at the age from 0 about 4 months occurs 7 - 1 certificates of a defecation a day, from 4
Months till 2th years - 3 - 1, is more senior 2th years it is supposed from 2 times a day to 1st time in 2 days [90, 96, 99, 113, 123, 127, 145, 147, 151, 152].

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Scientific source IPATOV ANDREY ALEKSANDROVICH. EFFICIENCY of ACUPUNCTURE In COMPLEX TREATMENT of CHILDREN With the CONSTIPATION SYNDROME. The DISSERTATION on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of medical sciences. Moscow - 2014. 2014

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