influence of psychological factors on formation of disturbances of an emiction.

Throughout last 20-25 years there are actual researches of psychological features of the person at various somatic pathologies. Disorders MI carry to group of the psychosomatic diseases which frequent implication is the incontience of urine during a dream and-or wakefulnesses.

At disturbances MI at children pathological psychological features of the person which on the "vicious circle" mechanism aggravate a basic disease current are often formed. For example, consensual MI in socially unacceptable situation provokes at the child intensifying of available pathological psychological changes, and they at the expense of activation of work of internal organs promote augmentation of a renal blood flow, frequency and volume miktsy, that in turn considerably raises probability repeated consensual MI in improper for this purpose to a situation. For carrying out of high-grade therapy, recover and aftertreatment of patients with disturbances MI, it is necessary for doctor to break off this "vicious circle" that it is impossible to make without participation of the clinical psychologist, the neuropsychiatrist, and sometimes and the psychiatrist. Besides it selection and an estimation of therapy of pathology MI should be spent taking into account psychological features of the person of the patient. Researches on the given question are rather actual and represent nauchnoyopraktichesky interest. Thus in the domestic and foreign literature of such works it is a little, and they in larger degree have uzku. An orientation as are devoted studying of psychological features at children with a primary uracrasia and do not affect the given problematics at disorders MI in whole [48, 121, 138, 149, 157].

For diagnostics of psychological features of the person of the child with disturbances MI complex inspection with studying of the basic indicators of a psychological condition of the sick child (uneasiness level, self-rating level, level of claims etc.), predominating style of education in their families, level of socially-psychological adaptation of sick children and their parents to an available pathology is spent.

On development of the child (especially in early age) the big influence renders its social environment. High-grade mental and somatic health are formed only at realisation of socially-comprehensible styles of education of children. The changes arising in system of family relations, in overwhelming majority of cases, conduct to pathological development of the person and to various disturbances of corporal functions among which various disturbances MI [18 prevail, 35, 62, 195].

Global changes in sociopolitical and social and economic spheres of our country, occurred in 1990th, augmentation of rates of a life, the daily information overload, increasing employment of parents, especially mothers, has led to carrying over of many primordially parent functions (including, education, neatness training etc.) on a day nursery, kindergartens, school and nurses. For last quarter of the century time of dialogue of the child with relatives in a family was sharply reduced. Dialogue is often shown to satisfaction only
Physiological and household requirements of the child (to feed, wash, dress, put). The number of families in which children do not see the occupied parents weeks and months was enlarged, and daily dialogue is carried out, as a matter of fact, with another's people: tutors, teachers, nurses, governesses etc.

With a view of preventive maintenance of formation of psychosomatic diseases and patoharakterologicheskih lines of the person domestic and foreign psychologists insist on necessity of regular daily dialogue of the child from first days of a life with adults in a circle of an own family [28, 42, 80, 97, 160, 252].

Minimisation and formalisation of dialogue of children and the parents, the raised and overestimated demands of the last to sense of duty of the child, imposing to it of the opinion, become by norm for a number of modern families today, do not promote formation at children of such important social skills as independence, responsibility, resoluteness, upholding of the position, will. On the contrary, already from early age these negative factors of education form at children uncertainty in the forces, proof emotional lability, cruelty and egoism, negativism to associates, affective reactions, negative forms of self-affirmation, frame at them serious semantic obexes in understanding of demands of adults. It is necessary to notice, that socially-comprehensible styles of education and adequate forms of intrafamily relations are pledge of high-grade mental and somatic health of the child for long years. In turn disputed relations in a family, especially with mother, can lead to formation of various personal anomalies (neurosises, psychopathies, psychosomatic and psychosex disorders) [15, 19, 36, 147].

It is proved, that a full family (in which there is a child, mother, the father, the grandmother, the grandfather etc.) where roles of its each member are defined, there are rules of mutual relations, age hierarchy and a subordination, functions as system (microsociety). When the child drops out of an environment habitual to it (for example, at hospitalisation), at its near relations interpersonal conflicts and health disturbances (somatic and-or mental) arise more often, than when the child is in a family. Thus, without the child the balance of interpersonal intrafamily relations against operating usages and the foundations burdened by conflicts [27, 35, 121, 123, 147, 160] is broken.

It is established (E.V.Ivanov, 1992), that in families with "children-psihosomatikami" the steady triad "mother-child-illness" is formed, and interactions of members of a family among themselves and with the child are carried out taking into account semiology of the last. It is proved, that if disease becomes "conditionally desirable" for parents and is allocated with them positive sense at the expense of including of semiology of illness of the child in motivatsionno-behavioural structures of parents the pathology gets fastness to therapy [16, 33, 121, 147, 155, 156, 189].

Prevalence of psychosomatic diseases at children is influenced by family structure, cultural level of its members, social factors, national and local customs, features of education. Leading provoking factors of formation of psychosomatic disease are various pathological styles of education of children, including revaluation of qualities and possibilities of the child,
Supertolerance, supercare, hyperguardianship and disturbing anxiety. Isolation and neglect can affect formation of a psychosomatic pathology questions of education and dialogue with the child, and also formation prepsihosomaticheskogo the characterologic radical arising against various anomalies of education [61, 66] threatened, real or imagined loss by the child of approval from mother or attachment to it, parent otgorozhennost. Thus, the leading reason in an etiopathogenesis of psychosomatic disorders are pathological interpersonal relations of the child and its near relations.

In a number of researches appreciable differences in psychological features and psychosomatic development of sick and healthy children are taped. According to literature data various disturbance of corporal functions with somatopathy formation negatively influences the person of the child. It is necessary to notice, that development of the child against a somatopathy conducts to changes of its emotionally-personal sphere with prevalence of the personal (congenital) and situational uneasiness, promoting formation of uncertainty in, timidity, pavors and obsessions, dependence on another's opinion and lack of will [2, 20, 144, 154, 166]. It is proved, that children with psychosomatic diseases have "replacement" of the father from their psychological life, and faster it happens to those, than earlier the man was eliminated from physical, emotional and psychological participation in education of the child [15, 121, 147].

The big influence on development of the person of the child at psychosomatic disease renders the relation of parents to the sick child which, in turn, depends on level of health of mother and the father, their knowledge or delusions about illness of their child or children's illnesses in whole, their personal features and interpersonal relations [147, 292]. At mothers of sick children high level of personal uneasiness, the negative relation to, low self-perception, constant feeling of fault, negative emotions becomes perceptible. Eventually the majority of mothers get the special relation to the sick child in the form of its not realised emotional otverzhenija, combined with the is authoritative-dictatorial control of mental and corporal spheres of a life of the daughter or the son against tendencies to hyperguardianship. As a result the child becomes dependent on mother (even becoming the adult), at it is formed pathological feeling of fault, feebleness, uncertainty in, irritability, and at times and uncontrollable aggression to itself and-or associates [21, 35, 87, 102, 121] accrue.

Uneasiness represents the individual psychological feature shown in predilection of the person to frequent and intensive experiences of a condition of alarm. Thus, uneasiness represents steady personal formation which can exist for a long time. In a number of publications it is shown, that formation of alarm and uneasiness at children and adults is influenced by a dissatisfaction of basic needs of the person more often. Thus the short-term dissatisfaction of basic needs conducts to development of situational alarm, and its prevalence in
Current of long time on hypertrophic type - to uneasiness development as steady formation [2, 19, 21, 144, 166].

According to the majority of researchers, the reason of development of uneasiness at children in preschool and younger school age are disturbances of mutual relations in a family, more often between mother and the child, and also the conflict situations developing against interpersonal relations in an elementary school [20, 121, 147, 187]. During too time during this age period uneasiness arises and against internal conflicts, and also contradictions between demands of the surrounding validity shown to the person and possibilities available for it to their realisation and the permission. Thus available for the child neurotic and prenevroticheskie conditions will aggravate only formed uneasiness [86, 95]. Also as factors of development of uneasiness at children scientists allocate the contradictions of self-estimated character developing at disharmony between "JA-ideal" and "JA-real", by a self-rating and level of claims [21, 166].

At preteenage and teenage age uneasiness becomes "JA-concept" more and more mediated by features, start to prevail a conflictness and protestnost concerning the surrounding validity. Thus the adverse psychoemotional background will provoke only intensifying of available uneasiness, with formation in some cases a maniacally-depressive psychosis and fobicheskogo a neurosis [25, 90]. In due course uneasiness becomes a psychological obex which stirs in object in view achievement, interferes an objective estimation of the errors. During the given age period uneasiness provokes the conflict at level of requirements of the individual. On the one hand, the teenager tries to take in the lead positions in surrounding society, aspires to success and purpose achievement, and with another, the pavor of loss of the reached level of social well-being that will entail change in the developed relation of associates to it prevails over it and will break habitual way of his life. Problems of perception of hypothetical success and infinite doubts even in real achievements become a result of such internal struggle, that strengthens a negative emotional background of the teenager even more. As a result the child has a fastening of uneasiness which gets stable forms of realisation in behaviour or ways of protection. Eventually uneasiness becomes integral the characteristic of the person of the teenager possessing appreciable incentive force. Thus, at teenagers uneasiness is formed and fixed as property of the person against dissatisfaction of requirement for the positive, steady relation to [20, 121, 156, 166].

It is necessary to consider, that at teenagers uneasiness has paramount value in formation of disturbances of the behavioural reactions accompanied by antisocial illegal actions of the individual, harming, both to separate citizens, and a society in whole (delikventnoe behaviour) and-or aspiration to leave from a reality by change of the psychophysical condition by means of reception of various substances, and also at the expense of constant bracing of attention on certain subjects and activity kinds, for the purpose of reception of intensive emotions (addiktivnoe behaviour) [19, 22, 86, 89, 166].

Formation of the person of the child against available disturbances MI is interfaced to high risk of development in it of various psychological deviations. Thus therapy of disorders MI can render both positive, and negative psychological influence. It coherently that there are features of personal reaction of children and teenagers on stay in a hospital, a kind of therapy and even recover. Researches on the given question in pediatrics represent doubtless nauchnoyopraktichesky interest. In a number of domestic and foreign publications formation questions patoharakterologicheskih lines of the person at children with such widespread disturbance MI, as a primary uracrasia [23, 40, 105, 150] are reflected. However data about influence on psychological features of children with pathology MI of this or that kind of therapy, and also about dynamics of psychological deviations against treatment and recover in the domestic and foreign literature practically do not meet, and available shine exclusively an uracrasia problematics.

In a number of researches it has been established, that pathology MI at children including the uracrasia, is often accompanied by various emotional disorders [69, 194, 267]. Thus according to literature sources of immediately disturbance MI are an original cause of development of some behavioural features of the child and conduct to social dizadaptatsii, rather the reverse, that is at the heart of psychosomatic diseases the somatic component lays. It is proved, that in connection with mobility of children's mentality, at the patients, suffering disorders MI, after recover, unlike adults, retrogress patopsihologicheskih the conditions which have developed against disease [33, 121, 174, 248] usually becomes perceptible. In this connection, at the present stage remains actual timely diagnostics and correction of disturbances MI at children with use of methods of the therapy combining expressed clinical effect and possibilities of correction of psychological changes.

It is necessary to consider, that occurrence of disorders MI can be promoted by the psychological conflict, and disease - to serve as the original form of attraction nevrotizirovannym the child of attention of parents to itself. Therefore, on the one hand, parents should concern with special attention a psychological condition of their children at change of social formations (the beginning of visiting of a kindergarten, moving on a new residence, the study beginning at school or transition in other educational institution etc.) When the psychological discomfort which has developed against stressornyh of influences, can provoke the beginning of various psychosomatic disturbances, including disorders MI. On the other hand, despite employment, it is necessary for parents to pay due attention to children with neurotic disturbances with a view of the prevention of psychosomatic disease. In the researches devoted to studying of psychoneurological disturbances at children with pathology MI including the uracrasia, establishes a combination of these diseases to a syndrome of deficiency of attention and geperaktivnostju, and also with behaviour disturbances [81, 150, 220, 221, 325]. For search of the reasons of such combination, and also ways of correction of available disturbances carrying out complex clinical, psychological and nejrofiziologicheskih researches is necessary.

In a number of researches it has been taped, that in a quarter of cases by the reason of formation of disturbances MI, including incontiences of urine during a dream and-or wakefulnesses, conflicts served in mutual relations between parents and children, in particular between mother and the child. Pathological forms detsko - parent relations promote occurrence of an incontience of urine, and also provoke development of psychosex disorders and conduct to formation patopsihologicheskih forms of the person [42, 105, 121, 129, 199].

In the works devoted to an estimation of the psycho-social status of families, it is established, that the majority of children with pathology MI and an uracrasia during the different periods of a life tested maternal or fatherly deprivatsiju, at them deficiency of positive emotions, parent care and attention [87, 141, 282, 321] became perceptible. Besides, at children the frequent companion of disturbances MI, the various depressions shown in a dissatisfaction by self, negativizatsii an emotional background, absence of cheerfulness, formation of pavors and complexes are. At teenagers with pathology MI the protestno-negative behavioural reactions accompanied by the phenomena of a dysmorphophobia and dismorfomanii, occurrence and fastening of phobias often develop. Thus parents (more often authoritative) quickly lose the control over children [14, 86, 121, 220].

It is proved, that disorders MI and an uracrasia can provoke at children of disturbance in emotsionalnoyovolevoj to sphere and development of astheno-neurotic reactions. As a result children constantly feel themselves lonely, "thrown", regularly test uncertainty in that is combined with undue fatigability against physiological physical and mental loads, deterioration of ability to storing, attention dispersion, aggression, problems in behaviour. Finally it is formed so-called enurestichesky the character shown by excessive sensitivity, fussiness, otvlekaemostju, psychomotor instability or a sluggishness, emotional lability, isolation and suspiciousness. Considering the above-stated, and also expressed psychoneurotic to a component of disorders MI, with these disturbances neurologists and clinical psychologists who by means of special techniques can tap and level in time neurotic and psychological disturbances [25, 33, 36, 65, 85, 121] should accept active participation in treatment of children.

Researches of psychological features of children with disorders MI and SNFTO before and after FBU-THERAPY sessions in regimen EMG were not spent earlier. They represent scientifically-practical interest so will allow to define and estimate clinical efficiency and psychocorrecting possibilities FBU - therapies at children with disturbances MI proceeding separately or in a combination with SNFTO.


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Scientific source MIRONOV ANDREY ANATOLEVICH. the CLINICO-PSYCHOLOGICAL SUBSTANTIATION of APPLICATION of the METHOD of FUNCTIONAL BIOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT At CHILDREN With the EMICTION PATHOLOGY. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of medical sciences. Moscow - 2014. 2014

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Other medical related information influence of psychological factors on formation of disturbances of an emiction.:

  3. an aetiology and a pathogenesis of disorders of an emiction.
  4. influence of psychological factors on formation of disturbances of an emiction.
  5. features of an internal picture of illness at children with an emiction pathology.
  6. Functional biological management and morfo-funkitsonalnoe a substantiation of its application at disorders of an emiction of an inorganic genesis and SNFTO at children.
  7. Clinico-Anamnestichesky and urodinamicheskie research methods.
  8. results of psychological testing of children with disorders of an emiction and SNFTO, and also their mothers, an estimation of the received data.