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an estimation of physical development of children with a syndrome of Down. Pertsentilnye curves of growth, masses of a body and a head circle.

For an estimation of physical development of children with SD and for the purpose of working out normogramm anthopometrical indicators indicators of length, masses of a body and a circle of a head of 514 children with a trisomy of 21st chromosome, being on education in a family have been received.

The mass of girls with SD at a birth on the average was ravena 3,1320,429 kg (M L (tab. 4), boys — 3,2360,547 kg (tab. 5). The length has made 50,132,41см and 50,822,73 sm, accordingly, that does not differ from those indicators of healthy children.

Table 4.

Indicators of mass, lengths of a body and a circle of a head of girls with SD. (SD

-Standard deviation, n - quantity of measurements)

Age

(mes)

Mass (kg) sr SD n Length (sm) sr SD N okr a goal. (Sm) sr SD n
0 3,132 0,429 205 50,13 2,41 202 33,53 1,47 79
1 3,620 0,531 106 52,46 2,25 82 35,42 1,37 49
2 4,381 0,566 91 54,94 2,71 77 36,15 1,59 29
3 4,967 0,685 87 57,76 3,11 62 37,82 1,74 34
4 5,672 0,766 56 60,16 3,30 34 38,25 1,92 46
5 6,279 1,036 43 62,83 2,96 57 39,68 1,07 37
6 6,886 0,924 46 63,86 3,18 33 40,32 1,31 31
7 7,080 0,811 58 66,08 3,07 38 41,41 1,67 31
8 7,749 0,901 33 67,39 2,91 42 42,2 1,48 30
9 7,848 1,185 49 68,7 3,66 45 41,57 1,84 34
10 7,758 0,881 62 69,54 4,16 42 42,38 1,75 38
11 8,275 1,253 42 71,69 1,91 38 42,41 1,82 39
12 9,086 1,066 56 71,29 3,34 47 42,87 2,08 35

The length of girls by a year has reached 72,293,34 sm, and boys — 73,33,89 sm accordingly.

The mass of girls with a trisomy of 21st chromosome in 1 year has made 8,2751,06 kg, and boys — 9,3561,41 kg.

Table 5.

Indicators of mass, lengths of a body and a circle of a head of boys with SD.

(SD a-standard deviation, n - quantity of measurements).

Age

(mes)

Mass (kg) sr SD n Length (sm) sr SD n okr a goal (sm) sr SD n
0 3,236 0,547 232 50,82 2,73 220 34,04 1,72 100
1 3,723 0,744 150 52,83 2,45 110 35,83 1,59 42
2 4,586 0,729 107 56,13 2,7 49 37,67 1,45 34
3 5,371 1,062 97 59,44 2,78 79 38,74 1,31 39
4 6,154 0,762 63 62,33 2,80 42 40,09 1,23 29
5 6,701 0,968 52 63,24 4,4 40 40,93 1,78 22
6 7,139 1,123 62 65,56 2,3 42 42 1,57 44
7 7,687 1,22 43 67,86 3,15 41 42,26 1,46 33
8 8,219 1,179 43 69,71 3,35 47 42,62 2,43 25
9 8,365 1,146 46 68,11 3,16 37 42,92 1,44 33
10 8,557 1,434 38 70,23 3,21 33 43,25 1,5 35
11 9,044 1,682 52 73,3 1,53 33 43,55 1,52 36
12 9,356 1,414 55 73,67 3,89 36 43,85 1,66 47

Average value of a circle of a head at a birth at children with a trisomy of 21st hromosmy corresponded to average value of a circle of a head of usual children. At girls it made 33,531,47 sm, at boys — 34,041,72 the indicator of a circle of a head of girls see By a year has reached 42,872,08 sm, and boys 43,551,52 see

At comparison of rates of physical development of children with SD with rates of physical development of healthy children (data the CART) [146] it has appeared, that a median of mass of a body, lengths, and also circles of a head of children with SD at a birth is in limits of normal value of healthy children. However, with the years medians of length, masses of a body and especially a circle of a head of children with SD the CART comes nearer to value below one standard deviation of data. (Rice 9,10). Thus, an index of mass of a body [mass (kg)/length (2] children with SD essentially does not differ from an index of mass of a body of children without SD (p=0,573) (a Fig. 11).

Drawing 9. Comparative schedules of length, masses of a body and a circle of a head of girls with SD and healthy girls (data the CART) [146] first years of a life. A pink curve - median SD. Grey - a median and value within one standard deviation of indicators the CART.

As quality standard of growth of children is possible only at the analysis of tempo changes of separate indicators (the length, body mass, a head circle) are developed pertsentilnye normogrammy for children with SD. Such schedules allow to estimate not only the status of physical development of the child the present moment, but also give representation about rates of its growth as a whole (Appendix).

Comparison of rates of physical development of children with SD, received during the carried out research with rates of physical development of children with SD in other countries is spent: the USA (1988 [28] and Portugal (2001 [44] (fig. 12,13)


Drawing 10. Comparative schedules of length, masses of a body and a circle of a head of children with SD and healthy boys (data the CART) [146] first years of a life. A blue curve - median SD. Grey - a median and value in limits

Drawing 11. An index of mass of a body of girls (a red line) and boys (a dark blue line) with SD and healthy children (indicators the CART) the first year of a life.


Drawing 12. Comparative schedules of medians of mass also are long bodies of the American [28], Portuguese [44] and Russian girls with SD at the age from 0 till 12 months.

Drawing 13. Comparative schedules of medians of mass also are long bodies American [28], Portuguese [44] and Russian malchikovs SD at the age from 0 till 12 months.

The specified researches have been spent with a difference approximately in 10 years. It has appeared, that rates of an increase of mass and length of a body of children ours

Research above, than in the USA and Portugal. This circumstance is bound, first, to perfection for last 20 years of medical aid to children, including kardiohirurgicheskoj, and, secondly, with rasovo-ethnic features of investigated populations.

Thus, it is shown, that rates of physical development of children with SD below rates of development of healthy children, and developed by the author normogrammy can be applied in practice of the pediatrist to an estimation of anthopometrical indicators of such children.

3.2.

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Scientific source Semenova Natalia Aleksandrovna. STATE OF HEALTH of CHILDREN With the SYNDROME of Down. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of medical sciences. Moscow - 2013. 2013

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